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Material Safety Data Sheet

Tachograph Lithium Batteries

Section 1

Product Identification

Name:Lithium Thionyl Chloride (Li-SOCI₂) Battery.
Non-Rechargeable, 3.6V
Battery Type:Small Size Battery
Battery Model Ref:Z14250.1381
Nominal Voltage:3.6V
Rated Capacity:1200mAh
Lithium Content:0.3g
Size:14.5*25.4mm, 1/2AA size
Prepared by:ZENOX Energy Company

Section 2

Hazard Identification

Health Hazard: The Lithium Thionyl Chloride battery have a hermetically sealed structure, so they are not hazardous when used as recommended by the manufacturer under normal conditions. In case of abuse, there is a hazard of rupture, fire, heat and leakage of internal components. 

Do NOT short circuit, attempt to recharge, puncture, incinerate, crush, immerse, force discharge or expose to temperatures above the declared operating temperature range of the product, where there could be a risk of fire or explosion. Under normal usage conditions, the electrode materials and liquid electrolyte cannot be leaked outside. Risk of exposure only in the case of abuse, whether mechanical, thermal or electrical. 

Primary Route of Exposure: Eyes, skin contact, ingestion.

Table of Contents:

Section 3

Composition and Information on Ingredients

Substance / Chemical NameConcentration %CAS NumberHazard SymbolR-phrases
Thionyl Chloride297719-09-7C14-34-37
Lithium Chloride0.57447-41-8
Aluminium Trichloride Anhydrous1.57446-70-0
Lithium Piece3.157439-93-2F, C14/15-34

Section 4

First Aid Measures

Eye contact:Immediately flush eye with plenty of clean water for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical attention.
Skin contact:Immediately flush skin with plenty of clean running water for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical attention.
Inhalation:Immediately move to fresh air. If necessary administer oxygen. Seek medical attention.
Ingestion:Immediately wash mouth with plenty of clean water, drink plenty of water. Induce vomiting unless patient is unconscious. Seek medical attention.

Section 5

Fire Fighting Measures

Lithium-X (Class D extinguishing media) and dried sand are effective extinguishing media on fires involving lithium batteries. If cells are already catching fire, DO NOT use water, CO2, Halon and Dry powder or Soda Ash extinguishers.

Characteristics of Hazard:Dusts at sufficient concentrations can form explosive mixtures with air. Combustion generates toxic fumes.
Hazardous Combustion Products:Carbon Dioxide
Attention to Fire-extinguishing:Wear self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH approved and full protective gear.

Section 6

Accidental Release Measures

Personal Precautions, Protective Equipment
and Emergency Procedures:
In case of rupture. Attention! Corrosive material. Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing.
Always ensure adequate ventilation. Always use protective equipment as required.
Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Keep people away from and upwind of spills/leaks.
Under abusive conditions, the battery contained materials may leak.
Always put leaked batteries into small containers or plastic bags, adding neutralising agents
of sodium carbonate (Na2CO3), chalk (CaCO3) or lime (CaO) powder.
Environmental Precautions:Always prevent the products from contaminating soil and from entering sewers or waterways.
Methods and Materials for Containment:Stop the leak if safe to do so. Contain the spilled liquid with dry sand or earth.
Clean up spills immediately.
Method and Materials for Cleaning Up:Absorb spilled material with an inert absorbent (dry sand or earth).
Scoop contaminated absorbent into an acceptable waste container.
Always use appropriate protective equipment.
Collect all contaminated absorbent and dispose of according to the directions in Section 13.
Scrub area with detergent and water and collect all contaminated wash water for proper disposal.

Section 7

Handling and Storage

Handling:The battery may explode or cause burns if disassembled, crushed, exposed to fire or high temperatures or abused in any way.
Do NOT short or install with incorrect polarity.
Storage:Store in a cool, dry, well ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Store locked up and keep out of reach of children.
Other Precautions:In case of rupture. Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practices.
Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Use personal protection equipment.

Section 8

Exposure Controls and Personal Protection

Exposure Controls

Engineering Controls:Use adequate ventilation at all times to keep airborne concentrations low.
If used under conditions that generate particulates, the ACGIH TLV-TWA of 3mg/m³ respirable fraction (10mg/m³ total) should be observed.

Personal Protective Equipment

Eye and Face Protection:None required for consumer use.
If there is a hazard of, or potential hazard of contact, always wear tightly seal-able safety goggles and a face protection shield.
Skin and Body Protection:None required for consumer use.
If there is a hazard of, or potential hazard of contact, always wear tightly saleable safety goggles and a face protection shield.
In case of leakage, wear protective gloves.
Respiratory Protection:No protective equipment is required under normal use conditions.
If exposure limits are exceeded or irritation is experienced, immediate ventilation and evacuation may be required.
Also, as in the case of any fire situation, use self-contained breathing apparatus to protect respiration.
In the event of leakages, wear protective chemical apron.

Section 9

Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical State:Appearance:Cylindrical. Solid.
Odour:If leaked, smells of pungent corrosive odour, sometimes medical ether.
Condition Change:pH:Not Applicable as supplied.
Flash Point:Not Applicable unless individual components exposed.
Flammability:Not Applicable unless individual components expose
Relative Density:Not Applicable unless individual components exposed.
Solubility (water):Not Applicable unless individual components exposed.
Solubility (other):Not Applicable unless individual components exposed.

Section 10

Stability and Reactivity

Chemical Stability:Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Possibility of Hazardous Reactions:None under normal processing.
Conditions to Avoid:Exposure to air or moisture over prolonged periods.
Avoid force, dropping, crushing, disassembling, short-circuiting, re-changing, fire & heat above 100 C, incineration.
Incompatible Materials:Acids, Oxidizing agents, Bases, Alkali, water.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:Carbon Oxides. Reaction of lithium metal with water: Hydrogen (H2)/Lithium Oxide (Li2O) and Lithium Hydroxide (Al(OH)3).
Other Hazardous Decomposition Products:Thermal decomposition over 150C: Hydrochloric acid (HCI) and Sulfur Dioxide (SO2).

Section 11

Toxicological Information

Irritation:In the event of exposure to internal contents, vapour fumes may be very irritating to the eyes and skin.
May cause redness, tearing, burns to eye and skin and irritation to respiratory system.
Medical conditions generally aggravated by exposure: Eczema, skin allergies, lung injuries, asthma, other respiratory disorders.
Sensitization:Not Available.
Reproductive Toxicity:Not Available
Toxicologically Synergistic Materials:Not Available.

Section 12

Ecological Information

General Note 1:Do not allow undiluted product or large quantities of it to reach ground water, water course or sewage systems.
General Note 2:Lithium Thionyl Chloride batteries do not have environmental hazards under normal usage and proper disposal.
General Note 3:Lithium Thionyl Chloride batteries do not contain mercury, cadmium or other heavy materials. Anticipated behaviour of a chemical product in environment/possible environmental impact/ecotoxicity: Not Available.

Section 13


Waste Treatment:Recycle or dispose of in accordance with government, state and local regulations.
Important Note 1:Deserted batteries should not be treated as ordinary waste.
They should NOT be thrown into fires or placed in high temperatures.
They should NOT be dissected, pierced or crushed.
Important Note 2:Deserted batteries should only be disposed of/cycled by and at permitted waste disposal treatment sites.

Section 14


UN Number:UN 3090 or UN3091
UN3090:Lithium Metal Batteries
UN3091:Lithium Metal batteries contained in equipment or Lithium Metal Batteries packed with equipment.
Note 1:Lithium metal cells and batteries are considered as Dangerous Goods with UN3090 and/or UN3091.
Note 2:Depending on the lithium metal content, some cells or batteries may be regarded as non-dangerous goods without Class 9 nomination.
Shipping Name:Lithium metal batteries (including lithium alloy batteries)
Labels/Placard Required:Lithium Batteries Mark, Class 9 Hazard Label, Cargo Aircraft Only Label.
Packaging Group:N/A
EmS No:F-A, S-I


ICAO/IATA:Can be shipped by air in accordance with International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO),
TI or International Air Transport Association (IATA), DGR Packing Instructions (PI) 968 Section 1B
appropriate of IATA DGR 61st (2020 Edition) for transportation.
IMDG CODE:The batteries are not restricted to IMDG Code 2018 Edition (Amdt 39-18) according to special provision 18.
DOT:Other requirements for US Department of Transportation (DOT) SubChapter C,
Hazardous Materials Regulations if shipped in compliance with 49 CFR 173.185.
ADR/ADN:The batteries are not subject to the provisions of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) ADR/AND
if they meet the requirements of special provision 188 of Chapter 3.3, applicable as from 1st January 2019.

Packing Instructions for Small Sized Batteries

By Air:
Small Size, Lithium content cells ≤ 0.3g
Packing Instruction 968 Section II (special exception No passenger Aircraft. Cargo Aircraft). Only Label.
Package ≤ Net 2.5kgs
Label - Lithium Battery Handling Label.
By Sea:
(IMDG Code 2002)
Small Size, Lithium content cells ≤ 1g
Special provision 188 (exception)
Lithium metal cells ≤ 1g, batteries ≤ 2g
Not subject to Class 9 (Non-DG) - Packing Group I
By Road or Rail:
(ADR/RID 2012)
Small Size, Lithium content cells ≤ 1g
Special provision 188 (exception)
Lithium metal cells ≤ 1g, batteries ≤ 2g
Not subject to Class 9 (Non-DG) - Packing Group I

NOTE 1: In addition to the above, to be permitted to transport, each lithium cell and battery type(s) must have passed the applicable tests as set out in Subsection 38.3 of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria.

Section 15

Regulatory Information

Relevant Regulations and References:

  • Dangerous Goods Regulations
  • Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods – model regulations, 20th edition (revised)
  • Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods – Manual of Tests & Criteria;
  • International Air Transport Regulations (IATA)
  • International Maritime Dangerous Goods Regulations (IMDG Code 22018 Edition Amdt 39-18)
  • Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods
  • Classification and Codes of Dangerous Goods (GB6944-2012)
  • 2012 OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200)
  • Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA)
  • Code of Federal Regulations

Section 16

Additional Information

Disclaimer: The information listed in this document is, to the best of our belief and knowledge, accurate as at the date publishing. However, neither ZENOX Energy Ltd or any of its subsidiaries, suppliers, contractors, partners or employees, assumes or accepts any liability whatsoever for the accuracy or completeness of the information contained herein. Final consideration of suitability of any materials or applications is the sole responsibility of the user. All materials may present unknown hazards and should be used with caution. Known hazards are described herein, but these should not be assumed to be exhaustive. © ZENOX Energy Ltd 2020, All Rights Reserved.

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